All the armies of the world use systems and nets for camouflage and to conceal their troops or their equipment, however, real differences continue to exist on different continents.
What do all camouflages have in common?
The camouflages of armies around the world are divided into 3 main trends: woodland camouflage for forests, sand camouflage for the desert, and white camouflage for snow. More recently, urban camouflages make it possible to hide in inhabited areas. Alongside these environmental trends, there are more or less marked differences in the shades of the colors used or the shapes of the painted or printed patterns.
The history of camonets. How long have armies been using camonets?
Cover-up around the world has only recently become widespread among armies. Until the middle of the 20th century, most clashes took place as row battles in open spaces. The rule then was to be very visible and proudly display the colors of your country or clan. Things changed from World War I when materials began to be hidden. The generalisation of camouflage for uniforms did not really begin until the 1950s.
Nets used by European armies
The first camouflage nets used by the French Army were called the A1 or lizard. In the 1980s, the Daguet camouflage was used for operations in desert environments. The current camouflage is that of Center Europe, which has also been adopted by other countries. Switzerland remains a neutral country but its army participates in operations under the aegis of the UN. Its troops are dressed in the TAZ 83 camouflage, which is derived from the camouflage used by German soldiers during World War II. It is easily recognisable by its many patterns of red color. The Belgian army also uses camouflage inspired by the German Flecktarn.
Nets used by the American armies
Like many other countries, camouflage was adopted by American troops during World War II. Many experiments have been carried out, with no less than 30 different designs. The current camouflage, called MARPAT, uses new technology because its patterns are calculated by computer. It comes in 3 versions: woodland, desert and Navy. This camouflage has been the subject of a patent, so it is theoretically reserved for Marines, but copies have been adopted in other countries. American Combat Fatigues are mainly based on the ACU (ARMY COMBAT UNIFORM) pattern, specially adapted for field operations.
Camouflage patterns used in China
The Chinese military relies heavily on digital camouflage. Although at first glance this type of camouflage looks very visible, it is still very effective at masking vehicles and troops at long range. The goal is to achieve maximum surprise. When it comes to clothing, camouflage outfits come in 4 versions, with green, brown, grey-green or blue as the dominant color.
Characteristics of the Russian army camouflage
The Russian army mainly uses a camouflage close to the German Flecktarn, called Sever, which means North. Russia has deliberately adopted a very futuristic line for equipping its troops. In the near future, soldiers are expected to be clothed in an exoskeleton clad with new technologies. In addition to protecting the vital parts of the body, this new generation equipment makes it possible to increase the vision and the sensations of perception tenfold while increasing the potential for concealment.
Camouflage developments around the world
The globalization of the economy has also impacted the world of cover-ups. The equipment of the armed forces is most often carried out in the form of a call for tenders to which private companies respond. It is therefore quite possible that enemy armies on the ground find themselves equipped with the same equipment. The line between military use and personal use is becoming narrower. Innovative camouflages like the Highlander 3D can be used just as well for leisure uses like fishing or hunting as for making combat outfits. With so many different versions of camouflage, the potential for concealment in all types of environments is greatly increased.